The following terms and abbreviations were used in the preceding chapter on anthrax.

APHIS - Animal and Plant Inspection Service, a department of the USDA

ATCC - American Type Culture Collection, the world’s largest collection of germ strains

AVIP - The Department of Defense’s massive Anthrax Vaccine Immunization Program of our troops

BioParat - (Biopreparat) - Soviet biological warfare directorate. The central Russian agency in charge of all chemical/biological weaponization production

BW - Biological weapons

CDC - The Centers for Disease Control, based in Atlanta

CBW - Chemical/biological warefare

DOD - Department of Defense

FDA - Food and Drug Administration

FIA - Freedom of Information Act

GAO - General Accounting Office

GW - Germ warfare

JVAP - Joint Vaccination Acquisition Program

Pentagon - Headquarters of the DOD

POX - The skin eruptions in smallpox

SEPE - Russian Scientific Experimental and Production Base, the code name for its bioweapons projects

TSMID - The Iraqi Ministry of Trade’s Technical and Scientific Materials Import Division. This is in charge of obtaining supplies for their CBW program.

UNSCOM - United Nations Special Commission

USDA - U.S. Department of Agriculture

VA - Veterans Administration

VAERS - Vaccine Adverse Event Report System forms, which are often either not recorded or lost afterward.

Vaccinia - The vaccine given to protect against smallpox. It is derived from cowpox

Variola - Variola major is the scientific name for smallpox

WHO - World Health Organization


Twenty-five outstanding books which can tell you even more about these deadly terrorist diseases.

Alibek, Ken, with Stephen Handelman, Biohazard: The Chilling True Story of the Largest Covert Biological Weapons Program in the World, 1999.

Cole, Leonard A., Clouds of Secrecy: The Army’s Germ Warfare Tests over Populated Areas, 1988.

Cole, Leonard A., The Eleventh Plague: Politics of Biological and Chemical Warfare, 1977.

Covert, Norman M., Cutting Edge: A History of Fort Detrick, Maryland, 1943-1993 (1997).

Drell, Sidney D., Abraham B. Sofaer, and George D. Wilson (eds.), The New Terror: Facing the Threat of Biological and Chemical Weapons, 1999.

Falkenrath, Richard A., Robert D. Newman, and Bradley A. Thayer, American’s Achilles’ Heel: Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Terrorism and Covert Attack, 1998.

Fenner, Farnk, et al., Smallpox and its Eradication, 1988.

Guillemin, Jeanne, Anthrax: The Investigation of a Deadly Outbreak, 1999.

Harris, Robert and Jeremy Paxman, A Higher Form of Killing: The Secret Story of Chemical and Biological Warfare, 1982.

Heemstra, Thomas S., Anthrax: A Deadly Shot in the Dark, 2002.

Hersh, Seymour M., Chemical and Biological Warfare: America’s Hidden Arsenal, 1968.

Institute of Medicine, Assessment of Future Scientific Needs for Variola Virus, 1999.

Institute of Medicine, Chemical and Biological Terrorism: Research and Development to Improve Civilian Medical Response, 1999.

Lake, Anthony, 6 Nightmares: Real Threats in a Dangerous World, 2000.

Lederberg, Joshua (ed.), Biological Weapons: Limiting the Threat, 1999.

Lederberg, Joshua, Robert E. Shope, and Stanley C. Oaks, Jr. (eds.), Emerging Infections: Microbial Threats to Health in the United States, 1992.

Mangold, Tom, and Jeff Goldberg, Plague Wars: The Terrifying Reality of Biological Warfare, 1999.

Mauroni, Albert J., America’s Struggle with Chemical-Biological Warfare, 2000.

McDermott, Jeanne, The Killing Winds: The Menace of Biological Warfare, 1987.

Miller, Judith, Stephen Engelberg, William Broad, Germs: Biological Weapons and America’s Secret War, 2001.

Mole, Robert L., and Dale M. Mole, For God and Country: Operation Whitecoat, 1998.

Osterholm, Michael T., and John Schwartz, Living Terrors: What America Needs to Know to Survive the Coming Bioterrorist Catastrophe, 2000.

Piller, Charles, and Keith R. Yamamoto, Gene Wars: Military Control over the New Gentic Technologies, 1988.

Roberts, Brad (ed.), Hype or Reality? The "New Terrorism" and Mass Casualty Attacks, 2000.

Sidell, Frederick R., T. Takafuji, and David R. Franz (eds.), Medical Aspects of Chemical and Biological Warfare, 1997.

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