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What produced life on earth? What made the stars overhead? Scientists have carefully pondered this—and tell us there are only two possibilities: evolution or creation. Here are their statements. This is science vs. evolution—a Creation-Evolution Encyclopedia, brought to you by Creation Science Facts.

This material is excerpted from the book, HISTORY OF EVOLUTIONARY THEORY. An asterisk ( * ) by a name indicates that person is not known to be a creationist. Of over 4,000 quotations in the books this Encyclopedia is based on, only 164 statements are by creationists. You will have a better understanding of the following statements by scientists if you will also read the web page, History of Evolutionary Theory.

One thing is certain: If scientists—and the rest of us—decide not to accept the folly of evolution, the only alternative is creation. If stars, planets, plants, animals, and men did not make themselves,—then the only alternative is that God made them!

Some men feel compelled to remain with a ridiculous theory, because they do not consider the only alternative.

"The theory of evolution is a theory universally accepted by zoologists, not because it has been observed to occur . . or can be proved by logical coherent evidence, but because the only alternative, special creation, is clearly incredible."—*D.M.S. Watson, "Adaptation," in Nature, Vol. 123, p. 233 (1929).

For, in fact, there are only two alternatives.

"Either evolutionary change or miraculous divine intervention lies at the back of human intelligence."—*S. Zuckerman, Functional Activities of Man, Monkeys and Apes (1933), p. 155.

Either God created everything or everything made, or evolved, itself.

"Such explanations tend to fall into one or the other of two broad categories: special creation or evolution. Various admixtures and modifications of these two concepts exist, but it seems impossible to imagine an explanation of origins that lies completely outside the two ideas."—*Davis and *E. Solomon, The World of Biology (1974), p. 395.

The alternative solution cannot be disproved, but it can be scorned.

"There is no rival hypothesis except the outworn and completely refuted one of special creation, now retained only by the ignorant, the dogmatic, and prejudiced."—*H. Newman, Outlines of General Zoology (1924), p. 407.

Everywhere we turn, in the animate and inanimate, we see specific design and careful purpose. Only an Intelligent Being of massive intellect and understanding could have produced it all.

" `I cannot believe that the facts of science are mere accidents. The more we study the earth, the more sense it makes. What I have studied about the earth has made me no less a believer in a Supreme Power, but actually more so . . We have seen so much of God's handiwork we can say, God must be.

"Honest thinkers must see, if they investigate, that only an Infallible Mind could have adjusted our world and its life in its amazing intricacies.' "—*Paul Francis Kerr, quoted in F. Meldau, Why We Believe in Creation, Not Evolution, pp. 50-51.

There are no other possibilities. "Organisms either appeared on the earth fully developed or they did not."

"Creation and evolution, between them, exhaust the possible explanations for the origin of living things. Organisms either appeared on the earth fully developed or they did not. If they did not, they must have developed or they did not. If they did not, they must have developed from pre-existing species by some process of modification. If they did appear in a fully developed state, they must have been created by some omnipotent intelligence."—*D.J. Futuyma, Science on Trial (1983), p. 197.

Evolutionary theory is not a science, for it has no facts to support it.

"The fact of evolution is the backbone of biology, and biology is thus in the peculiar position of being a science founded on an unproved theory—is it then a science or faith? Belief in the theory of evolution is thus exactly parallel to belief in special creation—both are concepts which believers know to be true but neither, up to the present, has been capable of proof."—*L.H. Matthews, "Introduction" to The Origin of Species by Charles Darwin pp. x, xi (1971 edition).

The alternative theory, creation, has the facts to support it.

"I think, however, that we must go further than this and admit that the only acceptable explanation is creation. I know that this is anathema to physicists, as indeed it is to me, but we must not reject a theory that we do not like if the experimental evidence supports it."—*H. Lipson, "A Physicist Looks at Evolution," Physics Bulletin, 31 (1980), p. 138.

The two cannot (cannot!) be reconciled. Either one must be accepted and the second rejected, or the second must be accepted and the first rejected. And the facts are only on one side.

"The creation account in Genesis and the theory of evolution could not be reconciled. One must be right and the other wrong. The story of the fossils agrees with the account of Genesis. In the oldest rocks we did not find a series of fossils covering the gradual changes from the most primitive creatures to developed forms but rather, in the oldest rocks, developed species suddenly appeared. Between every species there was a complete absence of intermediate fossils."—*D.B. Gower [biochemist], "Scientist Rejects Evolution," Kentish Times, England, December 11, 1975, p. 4.

Thinking that the created universe has no origin, no plan, and no norms produces people with no purpose, no fulfillment, and no future.

"It was because Darwinian theory broke man's link with God and set him adrift in a cosmos without purpose or end that its impact was so fundamental. No other intellectual revolution in modern times . . so profoundly affects the way men viewed themselves and their place in the universe."—*Michael Denton [Australian molecular biologist], Evolution: A Theory in Crisis (1985), p. 67.

There are two alternatives and no third one.

"The reasonable view was to believe in spontaneous generation; the only alternative is to believe in a single primary act of supernatural creation. There is not a third position."—*George Wald, "Origin of Life," Scientific American, August 1954, p. 46.


Forward to the next major topic in this series:

EVOLUTION AND SOCIETY: Consider the effect evolution has had on civilization, warfare, psychology, law, literature, communism, crime, and more.