You did not descend from monkeys. Evolutionists wish to steal your inheritance. Do not let them do it. They want to animalize you. But evolutionary theory is a myth. God created everything; the evidence clearly points to it. This is science vs. evolution—a Creation-Evolution Encyclopedia, brought to you by Creation Science Facts.
CONTENTS: Ancient Man: 1
Page numbers without book references refer to the book, ANCIENT MAN, from which these facts are summarized. An asterisk ( * ) by a name indicates that person is not known to be a creationist. Of over 4,000 quotations in the set of books this Encyclopedia is based on, only 164 statements are by creationists.
Cavemen and ape-men. From grade school on up, the schoolbooks tell us about furry "cavemen." We are told that we are descended from a line of apes, monkeys, and smaller creatures.
We are also told that bones have been found which were half-ape and half-human. What is the truth about all this?p. 13.
Stopped evolving. No evidence is available about human remains from earlier times—that supports evolutionary theory.
Because of that glaring fact, evolutionists try to sidestep this by decreeing that man stopped "evolving" about 100,000 years ago! This is just an attempt to explain away the evidence.
Actually, none need be surprised that there is no evidence of human descent from other species; for, as we learned in earlier articles in this web Encyclopedia, there is no evidence that evolution has occurred among plants and animals either.—pp. 13-14.
Why less than five millenniums? If man has been the same for the past 100,000 years, why has he not produced 100,000 years of writings, technology, cities, and all the rest?
Why does human history only go back less than 5,000 years?—p. 14.
Totally different than the apes. If man descended from ape-like creatures, then we should be like them. Yet we have very different DNA. The number of vertebrae in our backbone is different. Our cranial (brain) capacity is totally different. Many other differences could be cited.—pp. 14-15.
Primitive peoples. In some areas, ancient humans moved into difficult climatic areas and, for a time, lived in "stone-age cultures" until they had opportunity to build cities, plant, and engage in animal husbandry. In some localities (such as New Guinea), conditions have been so difficult that stone-age living has continued down to the present time. Yet a New Guinean child can be raised in a modern culture, go to college, graduate, and enter the modern business world.
Sometimes people lived in caves for a time until they could become settled in homes. There is evidence that anciently, as now, people lived in homes at the same time that others were living under trees or in caves.—p. 15.
Neanderthals. These were humans who lived in Europe several thousand years ago. They lived in caves for a time, and had skulls decidedly larger than ours. That means they were much smarter than we are today! That fact, of course, does not agree with evolutionary theory.
However, the Neanderthals did have rickets and arthritis, due to poor diet and the damp, cold climate they lived in. Scientists have said this was what caused their curved thighbones and larger eyebrow ridges. The Neanderthals lived at a time when there was not much sunlight. In the next major article in this series (Effects of the Flood), we will learn that there is abundant evidence that many volcanoes blew their tops just after the Flood, reducing temperatures and darkening the atmosphere for over a century.
Evidence also indicates that Neanderthals have also lived in more recent centuries. One Neanderthal was buried in a suit of medieval chain armor.—pp. 15-17.
Cro-Magnon Man. These were also clearly humans. Some were over six feet tall, with a cranial capacity somewhat larger than our own. They were normal people, not monkeys, and they provide no evidence of transition from ape to man.—p. 17.
But what about the ape-men we hear about in the newspapers—these creatures over a million years old, which are half-man and half-ape?
We will now turn our attention to part of a lengthy line of fakes. As we consider them, ask yourself these questions:
Why is it that, each time, only one specimen is found? Why not hundreds or thousands? If these are our ancestors, there ought to be millions of our forebears.—p. 17.
Why are only little pieces of bone found for each specimen—never, never a complete skeleton? The less that is found, the more theories can be made for it. In our more complete study on this, diagrams of the Java Man and Piltdown Man bones are shown, which clearly reveal how easy it is to fabricate an ape skull into a human one, when only part of the bones are used.—p. 17.
Why is it that these special bones do not decay, even though they are supposed to be "a million years old"? The truth is that bones rot away within a century or so. Do not confuse actual bones with fossil imprints in rocks; they are different. There are lots of fossils, formed under compression in shale, gravel, and clays at the time of the Flood. But, within a couple centuries, actual bones usually disappear.
How could "million-year-old bones" be found in damp earth in Indonesia, China, and England, as claimed by the evolutionists? It cannot happen. Bones rot even quicker in damp climates.—pp. 17-18.
Working with a few pieces of bone and making great claims for them, men become famous, are heaped with honors, and receive nice salaries.
Yet all the bones they have brought forward would not fill the top of a kitchen table. Here they are:
Java Man. In 1891, in a damp place by a river in Java, *Eugene Dubois found a skull cap, fifty feet away a femur, and, later in another location, three teeth.
Dubois decided that they all were from the same individual and that they were about a million years old! Dubois spent many years promoting his discovery, although many experts questioned it.
In 1907, a German expedition went to Java to examine the place where Dubois found the bones, and discovered they were taken from the flowage of a nearby volcano which had overflowed in the recent past and buried a number of people.
Before his death, Dubois said the bones belonged to a gibbon.—pp. 18-19.
So much for Java Man.
Piltdown Man. Of all the hoaxes of evolution, this was the classic. Several men planned it very carefully, carving selected pieces of an ape bone and treating it with chemicals to give it an aged appearance.
Eventually, several leading evolutionary scientists were drawn into the plot. Only those parts of the skull and jaw were included, from which it could not be determined the actual shape, size, or cranial capacity of the creature to which it originally belonged.
Then the bones were placed in a plaster cast in a halfway position between ape and man. Evolutionists all over the world were excited, and this figment of much imagination was named Eoanthropus Dawsoni ("Dawson's Dawn Man"). With a name like that, this had to be scientific!
Eventually the perpetrators of the hoax "found" several more bone pieces, including teeth which had been whittled halfway between ape and human teeth.
Although two men reported that they had found Dawson in his office staining old bones, few listened to them. So a whole generation grew up believing in Piltdown Man as the great proof that man came from the apes.
Then, in 1953, two British scientists managed to get their hands on the original bones (which had for decades been carefully stored away in the British Museum). Using a new fluorine test, the bones were shown to be quite recent. It was also discovered that they had been carefully carved and stained with bichromate.
Three years before the discovery of the hoax, British Parliament had spent a large amount of money in making the Piltdown gravel pit into a national monument to the wonders of evolution.—pp. 19-20, 55-58.
Rhodesian Man. In 1921, some bones were found in an African cave,and the sensational news went everywhere. But later a competent anatomist declared the bones to be merely those of a normal human being. In addition, the "million-year-old man" was found to have dental caries, from a modern diet, and a bullet or crossbow hole in his scalp. Not so old after all.—p. 20.
Taung African Man. Found, in 1924, in a cave in South Africa, this skull was proclaimed to be the missing link. However, later experts found it to be the skull of a young ape.—p. 20.
Nebraska Man. A single molar tooth was found in the Midwest in 1922, and became a key evidence at the Scopes trial in July 25 at Dayton, Tennessee. One of the discoverers was knighted by the King of England for his monumental discovery.
In 1928, it was found to be the tooth of an extinct pig. In 1972, living specimens of the same pig were found in Paraguay.—p. 20.
Peking Man. All we have of this 1920 discovery, in China, are plaster casts. The original bones were later lost. They were found in a cave of thousands of bones, mostly animals and only a few human bones. The place appeared to be a garbage dump, for even the human bones appeared to have the flesh eaten off them before being discarded. There was no evidence anything had evolved from anything else.—pp. 20-21.
Australopithecines. Certain ape bones in Africa are called the "southern ape." Experts tell us they were all apes, but most evolutionists are firm in their claims that these were our ancestors. One of the most famous of them is called "Lucy."
It was said that these apes had larger than usual cranial capacities, but when checked by other experts, they were found to be nearly normal in size.—pp. 21, 23.
Nutcracker Man. This 1959 African set of bones appears to be another case of mismatched bones. The skull is ape-like, the jaw was much larger (hence the name, "nutcracker"), and some other bones nearby were human.
Later, *Louis Leakey, its discoverer, conceded it was just an ape skull.—pp. 23-24.
Skull 1470. In 1973, *Richard Leakey announced a skull which he said was 2.8 million years old. But the lower jaw was not found; this would have told a lot.—pp. 24-25.
It appears to be the skull of a modern small-brained person. (Cranial size of people today varies between 1,000 and 2,000cc, with an occasional low of 750cc, and an average of 1,500-1,600cc. So the find of a small-cranium skull is no evidence of evolution. Pardon me for saying so, but an early-teen student and a microcephalic has a cranial capacity of 775cc, the size of Skull 1470.)—pp. 24-25.
Bone Inventory. Time-Life published a book in 1972, listing all the bone finds up to the end of the preceding year. Although over 1,400 specimens are given, most are little more than scraps of bone or isolated teeth. Not one complete skeleton of one individual exists. There are just scraps and pieces, nothing more.—p. 25.
Baby apes and giant monkeys. It is well-known among scientists, but not printed for you to read, that the skulls of both baby apes and giant monkeys can look like the skulls of immature humans. So "half-ape / half-human" skulls can be found! It is not that difficult to do.—pp. 26-27.
Mass spectrometer breakthrough. Using a new technology, eleven human skeletons, the earliest known in the western hemisphere, were tested—and they all dated less than 5,000 radiocarbon years. It was an oversight that such an investigation was permitted. You can be sure it will not happen again. If it had been applied to the celebrated African bones, found by the Leakeys and others, all those ancient "hominid bones" would be shown to be only a few thousand years old. They will never be radiodated.—p. 27.
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