The basic factor producing organic evolution (evolution of living
creatures) is cross-species change. If one species cannot change into a
different one, then evolution cannot occur. So let us examine speciation, and
see what the species themselves have to tell us. Do distinct species change into
other distinct species? The main article is brief, but the related articles
(listed below) will fill in the details. You will also want to read
Natural Selection and Mutations, which
scientifically prove that cross-species changeovers cannot happen.
We will discover that evolutionary theory is a myth. This is science vs. evolution—a Creation-Evolution Encyclopedia, brought to you by Creation Science Facts.
In the list below, full caps at the beginning of a hyperlink show it begins a new page.
The Center of the Battle: Species evolution has never occurred, yet evolutionists keep trying to come up with an example
What Is a Species?: A true "species" is not always what some imagine
The "Genesis Kind": That which we see today in the species agrees with the original arrangement
Many Varieties Possible within a Species: There are lots of subspecies
The Basic Type Is Always the Hardiest: Varieties keep moving away from the strong original
SCIENTISTS SPEAK about Speciation: Research scientists want you to know the truth: Cross-species changes do not occur
ORIGIN of the Species Unknown: Scientists tell us that no one really knows how any species originated
MILLIONS of Years for One Species: Evolutionists admit that, according to their theory, it would take millions of years to produce just one new species
This material is excerpted from the book, SPECIES
An asterisk ( * ) by a name indicates that person is not known to be a creationist. Of over 4,000 quotations in the books this Encyclopedia is based on, only 164 statements are by creationists.
There is no such thing as "species evolution." *Charles Darwin wrote a book, entitled Origin of the Species. But he said not one word in it about how life forms first began (See Primitive Environment.) In addition, in his book he gave no explanation of how a new species could originate by one species changing into another. He did say that "natural selection" could do it, but in later years he repudiated the idea. With this empty background, let us briefly consider what evolutionists term "species evolution."
The evolution battle finds its center in the species. If one species cannot change into another, then there is no evolution of life forms. Yet even Darwin admitted that such changes never occurred.
"Not one change of species into another is on record . . we cannot prove that a single species has been changed."—Charles Darwin, My Life and Letters.
First, we need to understand what a species is. In order to group plants and animals into groups, researchers have developed a convenient list: Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species, Subspecies. But most of these groupings are recognized as being artificial, since one true species never changes into another one; so the "kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, and most of the genus" are artificial clumpings.
What is a true species? Sometimes it is that which the catalogers call a "species," but sometimes it is a genus. This is because the artificial categories assigned by men do not always agree with reality. (Linnaeus sometimes placed true species in genus or in subspecies categories.)
A true species is one which, originally, could breed together and produce offspring like the adults. In some cases, true species can no longer interbreed. A classic example is the dog. Small dogs cannot breed with large dogs, yet both are in the same species.
The Bible explains what a true species is. You will find it in Genesis. Back in the beginning, the law of the "Genesis kinds" was established by the God of heaven:
"Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind . . and the earth brought forth grass, and herb yielding seed after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed was in itself, after his kind."—Genesis 1:11-12.
In the same way, the birds, sealife, and animals were each to reproduce "after their kind" (Genesis 1:20-22, 24-25). This principle was not to be violated—and it is what we find in the fossil record and in our world today: only distinct species. It is true that some species are extinct; but, extinct or not, all creatures have been in distinct species.
The "Genesis kind" is generally equivalent to what is now called "species"; but, as we noted earlier, not always. The variation is due to flaws in our humanly devised classification system. The true species is the "Genesis kind." It is the biological species, and is increasingly called that.
It is of interest that there are more different types of dogs than any other species in the world—yet scientists recognize them all to be in the same "species." That is highly significant. There often can be wide variations within a species, because the DNA permits it. In some species, a narrow number of possible subspecies are possible. The cheetah has such narrowed DNA that it can only produce cheetahs—and no varieties of subspecies.
Another interesting fact is that plant and animal breeding can produce new subspecies, but they are never quite as hardy as the basic species. This fact clearly points us to the great truth, seen in the fossil record and everywhere today, that it would be impossible to accidentally or selectively breed a creature to the point that it jumped out of its species and became a new one.
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To the next topic in this series:
SCIENTISTS SPEAK ABOUT SPECIATION: Reputable scientists want you to know the truth: Cross-species changes do not occur.