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It would be impossible for chance activity to produce the variety of materials used in plants and animals. Evolutionary theory is a myth. God created everything; the evidence clearly points to it. Nothing else can explain the mountain of evidence. This is science vs. evolution—a Creation-Evolution Encyclopedia, brought to you by Creation Science Facts.

Page numbers without book references refer to the book, DNA AND CELLS, from which these facts are summarized. An asterisk ( * ) by a name indicates that person is not known to be a creationist. Of over 4,000 quotations in the set of books this Encyclopedia is based on, only 164 statements are by creationists.

CONTENT: DNA and Cells: 2

Five Biological Materials: It would also be impossible for proteins, sugars, and fats to accidentally form
Additional Math Impossibilities: Still more insurmountable problems


It would be impossible for chance activity to produce a variety of materials used in plants and animals.

Proteins. Fifteen very complicated functions must be carried out before a random protein can be made.—p. 26.

Sugars. Five complicated functions are required.—pp. 26-27.

Fats. Seven functions must be fulfilled in exact order.—p. 27.

DNA. Twenty-six functions must be systematically done.

Keep in mind that, if any of the above materials were actually made in a laboratory, they would still be dead materials! There would be no life in them.—pp. 27, 29.

Essential amino acids. Twenty of the amino acids are essential. Protein cannot be made without them, yet none of the 20 can be made from any other amino acid.

How did all 20 of those special amino acids come into existence, when it is totally impossible to make even one of them by chance?—p. 29.


Chance is not good enough. Every protein must have its amino acids in the proper amount and order. Yet there are 2,500,000,000,000,000,000 different ways that the 20 basic amino acids can be arranged. Get just one out of order, and death or serious damage will result to the organism. In another web page (Mutations), we will learn that one misplaced amino acid is the cause of sickle-cell anemia, which causes the death of 25 percent of the children of those having it.)

According to evolutionary theory, every aspect of a person's structure and function came about by chance—till just the right one was hit upon. How long would you live, if you had to wait 20 billion years for each of your millions of proteins to be developed by chance?—pp. 29-30.

The stream of life. Each one of your red blood cells has a complicated formula of 574 amino acids in it. How long would it take for chance to produce them? It would be totally impossible.

Each red blood cell has about 280 million molecules of hemoglobin, and it would take about 1,000 red blood cells to cover the period at the end of this sentence.

Without blood, you would quickly die—yet you did not get your blood by chance.—p. 30.

Making protein by chance. But, for a moment, let us try to make—not 574—but only 124 specifically sequenced proteins. The possibility that it could be done by chance would be 1 in 1064489. If we put a thousand zeros on each page, it would take a 64-page book just to write the number!

Evolution is "scientific?" Evolution is foolishness.

Yet half of those proteins, if made by chance, would be right-handed and half would be left-handed. In order for them all to be biologically useful (left-handed only), the chances would be astronomically greater.—pp. 30.

Enzymes. Then there are the enzymes. These would also have to be made by chance. It is estimated by one evolutionist (*Hoyle) that there are 2,000 different complex types of enzymes in a living organism. Not one of them could be formed by random, shuffling processes in even 20 billion years!—pp. 30-31.

*Dixon-Webb calculation. Two evolutionists estimated that, in order to get the needed amino acids in close enough proximity to form a given protein molecule, a rich mixture of already formed amino acids, with a total volume equal to 1050 times the volume of our earth would be needed.—p. 31.

One hemoglobin molecule. Using the above method of calculation, a volume of amino acid soup 10512 times the volume of our entire known universe would be required to produce one hemoglobin molecule. (And that molecule would be dead, since synthesis and life are two different things.)

Keep in mind that there are thousands of other types of protein molecules in living cells.—p. 31.

Evolving upward. Evolutionary theory requires that, after one living creature was formed, it would have to evolve into still other kinds. Yet to do so would require immense changes in DNA and other things.

*Julian Huxley, a leading evolutionist, estimates that a terrific number of mutations would be necessary. Yet each one of them would have to be totally accurate, or the creature would die.

(In a later study on Mutations, we will learn that mutations always injure, maim, or kill; they never improve.)—pp. 31.

Beyond DNA and protein. We have not mentioned the requirements needed to produce hormones, the glands, the bones, the digestive system, the lungs, the brain, the nerves, the eye, or the ear.

In a famous passage, *Darwin wrote that it made him sick every time he tried to think how the human eye could have been formed by chance.—p. 32.

Computer simulation. A gathering of leading scientists met, in 1967, at the Wistar Institute. *Schutzenberger, a computer scientist, explained to them that the entire evolutionary process had been fed into computers and simulated. He announced that, mathematically, it had proven to be totally impossible for evolution to occur.—pp. 32-33.

*Eden's research. Another scientist, attending the same Wistar Institute, explained that DNA was like a language—and could not be produced by tinkering. He said that one could not produce an encyclopedia (or even a small booklet) by randomly inserting a letter here and there until the finished production was complete. The language had to be there when the book was first written. In the same way, DNA had to be there when you were first made. The same holds true for every species of plants and animals, each with its own DNA formulas.—pp. 32-33.

Delays destroy the possibility. *Pitman explained that the evolutionary dogma, given enough time, anything can be made is an error. He said that time, decomposes complex systems. The more that time elapses, the less possibility that the desired system could be developed.—p. 33.

All at once. Everything would have to be perfect and fully there at the very beginning. Yet the possibility of chance productions of simultaneous, perfect productions on many levels would, of course, be impossible.—p. 33.

Species do not change. Once a species exists, it may produce varieties, but never will it change into a different kind.

An example of this is the Escherichia coli, a very small colon bacteria which has been studied for over a century—yet which never changes into anything else. It is one of the simplest of creatures, and has about 5,000 genes in its single chromosome strand, equaling about a million three-letter codons. Yet it always remains the same.

That little creature cannot change its coding, anymore than you can. And neither it nor you are able to invent and install the coding.—p. 33.

Frame shifts. This is a fabulous discovery: Scientists discovered an even "simpler" creature that lives in the human bowel. Called the theta-x-174, it is so small that it does not contain enough DNA to produce the proteins in its membrane! How then does it make them? The astounded scientists found that it does it by "frame shifts."

A gene is read off from the first DNA base, then the same message is read again, but this time omitting the first base and starting with the second! This produces a different protein. On and on it goes. Obviously a Creator, with the highest level of intelligence, designed these functions.—pp. 33-34.

The central dogma. *Crick, the co-discoverer of the DNA structure, announced this basic biological principle: What is in the body and what happens in the body—does not affect the DNA coding. Yet that means that one type of creature cannot evolve into a different one!—pp. 34-35.

Conclusion. Chance cannot produce usable codes. It is only intelligence that can produce coded order. It is only intelligence that can replicate it.

If so much intelligence was needed to discover the DNA code, how much intelligence was needed to create it in the first place?

For anyone honestly willing to consider them, the facts in this article are enough to crack evolutionary theory to pieces, stamp it to powder, and blow it away.—p. 35.


To the next topic in this series: SCIENTISTS SPEAK ABOUT DNA: They tell us there is no way it could originate by chance.